img(height="1" width="1" style="display:none" src="https://www.facebook.com/tr?id=2939831959404383&ev=PageView&noscript=1")

RIBA President’s Medals: Bronze

Words:
Pamela Buxton

Kangli Zheng

Castle in the Sky

University of Nottingham

Tutor: Alison Davies


 

 

Kangli Zheng tackles the pertinent subject of London’s housing crisis in his project Castle in the Sky. He deliberately chose one of the most expensive parts of the capital – Kensington – where high property prices and the high prevalence of overseas investors make it hard for ordinary people to live in the area.

Instead of decentralisation and high rise – both of which he views as failed – he identifies spaces above terraces as potential development sites for new housing, in particular suggesting properties left empty and dormant by overseas investors. Taking inspiration from Yona Friedman’s influential Mobile Architecture theories of the 1950s and 60s, this concept is facilitated by the construction of a carefully-positioned steel superstructure that accommodates the new aerial homes and associated public space. 

Zheng explores the potential for a combination of various house typologies including co-living and family units all created using the ‘room box’ system in conjunction with solar energy collection and rainwater harvesting. Rather than have a fixed space function, each box can accommodate a range of configurations chosen according to its desired use – such as kitchen, bedroom, utility, storage – as specified by the resident. The arrangement of the desired number of boxes is combined with a ‘house skin’, available in a variety of cladding and opening options.

12

Zheng’s aim is to provide freedom of choice for the box owners, rather than impose a design and use. The architect’s role is to act as a guide.

The project also explores ways of increasing social interaction within the new community, not only between horizontal neighbours but at multiple levels. Zheng carried out research to explore the optimum spaces between people for communication (1-2m horizontally, 0-94-1.4m vertically) and looked at ways of facilitating this within the Castle in the Sky concept.  He advocates incorporating several voids near or along a main circulation route to encourage people to stop and communicate, and considers the use of stair seats and vantage points to enhance interaction opportunities. Further ‘space gaps’ are advised between housing units, again to encourage communication. 

Zheng sees many advantages to the proposed sky community, not only for the residents of the room boxes who will gain the ­opportunity of an affordable home, but for those in the terraces below. All, he says, can benefit from the public spaces and viewing facilities incorporated in the new aerial community, which will provide new opportunities to appreciate the beauty of the city.


High Commendation & SOM Fellowship Commendation:

Luca Garoli, Queen’s University Belfast. Tutor: Keith McAllister

Commendation & Serjeant Award:

Gabriel Beard, Bartlett School of Architecture (UCL). Tutors: Luke Pearson; Ana Monrabal-Cook

Commendation:

Shi Yin Ling, Bartlett School of Architecture (UCL). Tutors: Paolo Zaide; Tim Norman

SOM Foundation Fellowship:

Andrei-Ciprian Cojocaru, University of Greenwich. Tutors: Nicholas Szczepaniak; Jonathan Walker


Bronze Medal judges:

David Gloster

Izaskun Chinchilla

Pippo Ciorra

Alan Jones

Tracy Meller

 

Back to the home page

Latest

Tuesday 24th May, 09:00 – 11:15 am

PiP Offices and Working place design webinar

We are on the hunt for the movers and shakers of tomorrow. Should you or someone you know be entering RIBAJ Rising Stars 2022 in association with Origin?

Talent should be recognised

University College Hospital’s Grafton Way Building is twice what it seems, with a proton beam cancer therapy unit tucked securely into a 29m-deep basement

Patient wellbeing lies at the core of a complex build

Changes in planning frameworks mean specifiers are utilising special customisable facing bricks and roof tiles to provide built-in eco habitats for British birds, bats and solitary bees

Specialist facing bricks and roof tiles provide built-in eco habitats for wildlife

Collaborating with manufacturers and fit-out specialists is the key to creating fully inclusive, sustainable solutions for shared spaces

Collaborating with manufacturers and fit-out specialists is key